Measuring Ferrous Wear: the FWM vs. the Analex fdMplus

When it comes to detecting and analysing machine wear, testing for ferrous density – the presence of iron or steel particles in an oil sample – is especially important.

Particle density analysis should be routinely carried out on the wear mechanisms responsible for the largest amounts of ferrous particles.

Of the principal wear metals, iron is by some way the most significant for monitoring purposes. This contaminant tends to accumulate in dynamic clearances and so cause a chain reaction of wear. Closed loop systems – hydraulics and pumps for example – are particularly prone to this. Traditional barrier protection alone will not provide adequate protection from debris, and it only takes a small amount of contaminant to start damaging the system over an extended period of time.

A Continuous Monitoring programme will make use of ferrous density testing, among other techniques, to ensure equipment is being lubricated properly without needing to shut down the machine and suspend production.

Analyse wear debris

Parker Kittiwake supplies a range of instruments which analyse wear debris to determine the origin, wear mechanism and contamination levels, thereby allowing engineers to identify the worn parts of a machine before severe damage occurs.

The magnetometers we describe below – the ANALEX fdMplus Ferrous Debris Monitor and the Ferrous Wear Meter – are both used around the world in a variety of marine and industrial settings.

ANALEX fdMplus Ferrous Debris Monitor

This robust magnetometer measures wear metal particle contamination in oil and grease samples, with results displayed in industry-standard parts per million (PPM) values. It can test and analyse samples in the field as well as in the laboratory, making it especially suitable for remote, unmanned locations such as wind turbine farms where a full laboratory analysis is not possible.

Whether employed at power plants, mines or railways, by measuring debris in all types of oil ANALEX instruments are making production more efficient and operations more profitable.

The Ferrous Wear Meter (FWM)

This simple-to-use instrument offers all the usual Parker Kittiwake quality and accuracy, but has been designed for clients who do not need an instrument as sophisticated as the fdMplus. It can test samples on-board, including in remote locations, and provides a direct reading in PPM on its LCD screen. Featuring a magnetometer adapted for on-site use, FWM testing is performed by placing a 5ml test tube containing the sample directly in the instrument’s aperture. The sample’s metallic content appears on the screen in less than two seconds. No time needs to be spent preparing the sample.

In a competitive marketplace, it is highly advantageous to minimise downtime and so keep costs down. By ensuring lubricants and components are free of contaminants operators can improve the overall reliability of their equipment.

Parker Kittiwake has over two decades’ experience in fluid condition monitoring equipment for fuel, oils and water, and provides a comprehensive range of test kits and on-site analysis solutions for marine, offshore and other applications. For more information on any of our products contact us today on 01903 731470.

Benefits of the Parker Kittiwake Metallic Wear Debris Sensor

It’s no secret that particles result from wear. That’s why your oil analysis service includes a Spectrometric Analysis and ferrous density report, but what happens should a problem arise between sampling?

The Parker Kittiwake Metallic Wear Debris Sensor goes beyond the scope of normal wear debris sensors. Here are just a few of its benefits:

Unbeatable detection range
The Metallic Wear Debris Sensor provides readings not only for ferrous metals but also for non-ferrous metals. The sensor is able to tell you not just the number of particles which pass through your system, but also the size and metallic composition.

Real-time monitoring
Our sensor goes beyond normal protection systems, allowing you to monitor in real-time. With the sensor you’ll be able to take immediate action on the first indication of change, thereby preventing all types of failures which can occur between traditional sampling.

Adaptable to your lubrication system
The sensor is extremely adaptable and can be mounted within almost any lubrication system, on any type of machine. By using proven inductive coil technology, combined with smart algorithms to provide a particle size distribution count, the sensor measures ferrous and non-ferrous metals resulting from the wear debris within the lubricant, placing the user in control. The severity of the problem increases with an escalation in the production of larger wear debris particles.

Easily integrated
With both digital and analogue outputs, the sensor can be easily integrated into existing condition monitoring and operating control systems, putting the user in control. Whether it’s checking the health of the machine or alerting to changing wear patterns, the sensor provides instant information, complementing existing laboratory oil analysis programmes and helping the user make informed decisions concerning maintenance planning.

For further information contact us on:
Tel: +44 1903 731470

Parker Kittiwake products to feature at Nor Shipping 2013


Kititwake Bunker Samplers

From the 4th to 7th June, Parker Kittiwake will be featuring a selection of products at Nor Shipping, the leading maritime exhibition and conference, taking place in Oslo.

Visit us on the Parker Hannifin stand E02-15 to see, not only Parker’s Kittiwake’s condition monitoring and sampling solutions, but also Parker Hannifin’s range of motion and control technology.

We hope to see you there!

Introducing the ANALEXpqL Stacker

Kitt-Parker 1

Parker Kittiwake is pleased to announce the launch of the new ANALEXpqL Stacker.

Designed specifically for oil analysis laboratories, the ANALEXpqL boasts the most accurate means of detecting and measuring ferrous wear debris in lubricating oils, hydraulic oils and greases.

NOW AVAILABLE: The ANALEXpqL Stacker offers the user a host of benefits:

  • Enables user to automatically perform 20 sample pot measurementsKitt-Parker 5
  • Double magazines enable unattended measurements
  • Unique locking mechanism holds pots in place in the magazine until loaded onto the ANALEXpqL
  • Compact stand means the instrument doesn’t take up additional and valuable lab space
  • Natural upgrade option for current ANALEXpqA users – allowing faster, automated measurements

This upgrade can be user-installed to add stacker functionality to your existing ANALEXpqL.

For further information contact us on:

Tel: +44 (0) 1903 731470

Parker Kittiwake exhibiting condition monitoring offering at Maintec 2013

Focus On 2 Maintec Graphic

From the 5th – 7th March, Parker Kittiwake will be exhibiting at Maintec, the UK’s premier show for maintenance and asset management, taking place at the NEC, Birmingham.

Parker Kittiwake will be displaying a range of their condition monitoring and acoustic emissions monitoring products on booth H21 in hall 6. Furthermore, Dr Trevor Holroyd, Technical Director at Parker Kittiwake will be speaking on the topic of ‘the application of acoustic emission to detect ineffective lubrication in operating machinery’.

We hope to see you there!

Parker Kittiwake awarded ISO 14001 Environmental Management standard

Following a detailed technical review and assessment process carried out by Lloyd’s Register Quality Assurance (LRQA), Parker Kittiwake is delighted to announce that it has been awarded the ISO 14001 Environmental Management certificate.

ISO 14001 Environmental Management is an internationally recognised standard outlining how to implement an effective environmental management system. It recognises investment in reducing waste and energy use, improving efficiency and meeting legal obligations.

Steve Dye, Business Development Manager at Parker Kittiwake, commented: “Achieving the ISO 14001 Environmental Management certificate highlights Parker Kittiwake’s ongoing efforts to work towards greater environmental sustainability. It sets an industry standard for all to work towards and will help Parker Kittiwake meet customer expectations while maintaining both our corporate and regulatory responsibilities.

“The next stage in the process of ISO 14001 Environmental Management is to maintain our high standards and work towards the next assessment that will be carried out in May 2013. This is a great achievement that cements Parker Kittiwake’s credentials as an environmentally responsible company.”

Click here to download the certificate.

Parker Kittiwake Developments acquired by Parker Hannifin




CLEVELAND, July 16, 2012 — Parker Hannifin Corporation (NYSE: PH), the global leader in motion and control technologies, today announced that it has acquired Kittiwake Developments Limited based in Littlehampton, United Kingdom. Kittiwake Developments is a leading manufacturer of condition monitoring technology including wear debris sensors, oil testing and analysis instrumentation and acoustic, vibration and gas emissions monitoring sensors. These products are used alongside filtration technology in the commercial marine, oil and gas, power generation and defence markets.

The acquired business has annual sales of approximately $20 million and employs 95 people. Kittiwake Developments will be integrated into Parker’s Filtration Group and the sales will be reported as part of the International Industrial Segment.

“Kittiwake Developments will allow us to extend our position in diagnostic products and reinforce our ability to offer our customers complete health monitoring solution for their filtration systems,” said Peter Popoff, President of Parker’s Filtration Group. “We welcome the employees of Kittiwake to Parker and are excited about the growth opportunities this combination creates.”

With annual sales exceeding $12 billion in fiscal year 2011, Parker Hannifin is the world’s leading diversified manufacturer of motion and control technologies and systems, providing precision-engineered solutions for a wide variety of mobile, industrial and aerospace markets. The company employs approximately 58,000 people in 47 countries around the world. Parker has increased its annual dividends paid to shareholders for 56 consecutive fiscal years, among the top five longest-running dividend-increase records in the S&P 500 index. For more information, visit the company’s web site at, or its investor information web site at

Forward-Looking Statements

Forward-looking statements contained in this and other written and oral reports are made based on known events and circumstances at the time of release, and as such, are subject in the future to unforeseen uncertainties and risks. All statements regarding future performance, earnings projections, events or developments are forward-looking statements. It is possible that the future performance and earnings projections of the company, including its individual segments, may differ materially from current expectations, depending on economic conditions within its mobile, industrial and aerospace markets, and the company’s ability to maintain and achieve anticipated benefits associated with announced realignment activities, strategic initiatives to improve operating margins, actions taken to combat the effects of the current economic environment, and growth, innovation and global diversification initiatives. A change in the economic conditions in individual markets may have a particularly volatile effect on segment performance. Among other factors which may affect future performance are: changes in business relationships with and purchases by or from major customers, suppliers or distributors, including delays or cancellations in shipments, disputes regarding contract terms or significant changes in financial condition, changes in contract cost and revenue estimates for new development programs and changes in product mix; ability to identify acceptable strategic acquisition targets; uncertainties surrounding timing, successful completion or integration of acquisitions; ability to realize anticipated cost savings from business realignment activities; threats associated with and efforts to combat terrorism; uncertainties surrounding the ultimate resolution of outstanding legal proceedings, including the outcome of any appeals; competitive market conditions and resulting effects on sales and pricing; increases in raw material costs that cannot be recovered in product pricing; the company’s ability to manage costs related to insurance and employee retirement and health care benefits; and global economic factors, including manufacturing activity, air travel trends, currency exchange rates, difficulties entering new markets and general economic conditions such as inflation, deflation, interest rates and credit availability. The company makes these statements as of the date of this disclosure, and undertakes no obligation to update them unless otherwise required by law.

Offshore Technology Conference, Houston 2012 – Visit Kittiwake on Booth 2241-D

On 30th April – 3rd May, Kittiwake will be exhibiting at OTC 2012.

Come and see us on Booth 2241-D to see how our on-line and on-board condition monitoring solutions can help maximize up-time. Find out how we can help you make informed decisions about asset operation, lubricant changes, emissions levels, and service intervals, on the spot.

  • Reduce Risk
  • Increase Up-Time
  • Monitor Emissions
  • Implement Predictive Service Intervals
  • Full Critical Asset Coverage
  • Simple to Use
  • Rapid Integration
For more information visit us on Booth 2241-D or
We look forward to seeing you there!

Kittiwake launches ATEX certified Metallic Wear Debris Sensor

Kittiwake has launched its ATEX and IECEx certified metallic wear debris sensor. Continuously checking the health of an asset and providing alerts to changing wear patterns, the sensor provides the user with instantaneous condition information and can now be used in hazardous zone 1 and 2 applications.

ATEX & IECEx certified metallic wear debris sensor

Traditionally used with critical gearboxes, the addition of ATEX and IECEx certification allows the sensor to be used in environments where explosive gases are likely to be present; such as around top drives, draw works, mud pumps and also in chemical plants, refineries and other oil and gas areas.

The metallic wear debris sensor can be mounted within any lubrication system on any type of asset. The sensor measures ferrous and non-ferrous metals within the lubricant, using a combination of proven inductive coil technology, combined with smart algorithms to provide a particle size distribution count.

Martin Lucas, managing director, Kittiwake Group said: “While temperature, pressure, vibration and acoustic emission sensors all have their part to play in a condition monitoring package, early detection of changes in oil and lubricant condition and regular, consistent monitoring of wear metal debris in rotating plant provide greater insight into the actual condition of vital machinery and equipment.

“With both ATEX and IECEx certification, this new product is now suitable for hazardous environments where potentially explosive gas, vapour or mist is present. This is an industry first as there is no similar device certified for use in Zone 1.”

To learn more about the metallic wear debris sensor click here.

Follow this link to visit the Kittiwake Information Centre, a comprehensive condition monitoring resource.

For more information email:

Which came first, the green chicken or the green egg? And does it really matter?

The environment is no longer the elephant in the room; it’s now inescapable and pervades almost every aspect of our lives. And now that the green spotlight has turned to focus unrelentingly on shipping, pressure is mounting to demonstrate that, as an industry, we are capable of recalibrating to meet environmental obligations.

While everyone is in agreement that we must work collaboratively to identify ways in which to reduce environmental impact, common sense dictates that this must be balanced with satisfying commercial demands; indeed economic viability and demonstrating an increase in profitability will be the key drivers for ensuring environmental success in shipping. Whether operating, owning or managing a ship, the key to achieving this, and successfully navigating today’s turbulent economic seas, is realising efficiencies in every area of your vessel’s operation. Using time, energy and resource without waste and making assets work harder will directly impact the bottom line and therefore must be given priority – let’s be realistic. However, if efficiency were a colour, it would sparkle a vibrant shade of green. Because it stands to reason that if you operate more efficiently, fuel and lube oil consumption is minimised, not only saving money but also improving environmental credentials.

The direct correlation between uptime and revenue is indisputable even when shipping rates are low, and therefore the importance of preventing costly downtime is equally as plain. Increasing operational profitability through preventative maintenance of critical equipment and machinery in order to minimise equipment downtime is hardly a revelation to anyone in the shipping industry. With the spectre of downtime ever present in engineer’s minds, monitoring and alarm systems are the first means of defence in diagnosing problems with the ship. Sending samples off to the laboratory for analysis is an effective means of condition monitoring, if you are graced with the blessing of time – something a modern ship owner / operator does not have.

Thankfully, increasing demand has driven significant advancement in oil analysis over the past few years, both within and outside of the laboratory environment. The condition monitoring market has been influenced by a number of innovations which today allow marine engineers to enjoy the benefits of onboard and lab testing working in unison. More detailed, but potentially delayed sample results from a laboratory supplement the real time information delivered by onsite testing.

There is a clear benefit in knowing what is going on at an exact point in time – not just when the engineer can get to a machine for a routine, scheduled sample and analysis. Onsite kits enable rapid testing and action, and online sensors remove sampling errors, which are often responsible for un-representative samples. Online, of course, refers to sensor technology, which is advancing at a furious pace. Dependable sensors mounted in the oil circuit provide an early warning system designed to monitor remotely and in real time, the bearing and gear wear debris, lubricant moisture content, as well as lubricant health and remaining life.

Effective maintenance translates into obvious cost savings, but this on and offline condition monitoring equipment also helps to optimise lubricant feed rate. Even electronic lubrication systems do not offer an exact science, which often necessitates the application of a safety buffer. As one of the engine’s largest overheads, an average container ship can spend $12 million on cylinder lubrication over the course of its lifetime. Dependent upon trade, load, running hours and other factors, real-time monitoring is a vital tool in optimising cylinder lube oil feed rate and, as a result, improving efficiency, decreasing lubricant costs, avoiding issues related with over and under lubrication, and of course reducing environmental impact. Existing users, including German shipping company, Reederei Hermann Buss GMBH, are reducing cylinder oil consumption by up to 50%, representing annual savings of over $100,000.

The liner is one of the most crucial and costly components of a ship’s engine and monitoring wear not only extends its life but also protects against considerable financial pain, as the average insurance claim for an unexpected liner loss is over $250,000. It also has the potential to provide valuable data that offers insight into related issues.

Today’s challenging economic climate has fuelled the scrutiny of every operational area for potential cost savings – some which involve stripping out costs and others that focus on investment to realise efficiencies and fundamentally improve performance. Focus on the bottom line is unwavering, so return on any investment must be quickly evident and notably pronounced. The impact of successful troubleshooting using condition monitoring tools and technology can equate to millions of dollars in savings, negate the considerable danger posed by engine failure, while also helping to meet environmental responsibilities.

So, happily, we can look at the effects of efficiency through jade-tinted glasses. Those most adept at generating more from less, prolonging the life of assets and eliminating waste are the ones who will not only become leaner, stronger and more profitable, but will also improve their environmental standing within the shipping community.

Ultimately it’s all about perspective. Is being green a by-product of saving money through efficiency? Or is it the other way around? Arguably, it doesn’t really matter where the emphasis is placed, the outcomes are favourable whichever way you look at it.

Martin Lucas, Managing Director, Kittiwake Developments

Seatrade Asia, November 2011